This paper describes the flood risks faced by Surat, one of India’s most successful and also most flood-prone cities. The paper also reviews measures being taken to reduce flood risks – and how climate change is likely to affect such risks. It suggests that part of the city’s response needs to be a greater ability to live with floods, while minimizing the costs these usually bring in terms of loss of life, damage to homes and disruption to businesses.
This study estimates the economic losses suffered by the urban poor in terms of assets and productivity due to climate-induced waterlogging and floods. It examines how the vulnerability of slum dwellers living in informal settlements is exacerbated by a lack of supportive institutional mechanisms, the nature of non-inclusive economic growth, the social exclusion of urban landscapes and discriminative access to public services.
The paper traces the experiences of many catastrophic earthquakes in the first four months of year 2010. These earthquakes have impacted both urban as well as rural communities. By understanding the socio-economic conditions and the earthquake preparedness knowledge of the communities, it is possible to tailor solutions. Technical disciplines related to earthquake hazard and vulnerability reduction includes experts and professionals for seismology, geology, civil/structural/earthquake engineering, architecture, material manufacturer, insurance, private sector, law enforcement/ regulator, economist, urban-regional planner, construction artisan, risk management experts, media, community leaders, public policy among others.
This paper describes how community indicators were used in Lucknow to support a dialogue between representatives from communities lacking basic services and service providers. This led to agreement on the indicators needed to benchmark existing environmental conditions, monitor and evaluate the quality of urban services and set priorities for environmental improvements. It then describes how this draft indicator set was presented at a workshop that brought together service providers and community representatives and how they agreed on an indicator set. The paper ends with an analysis of what the collection of data for this indicator set showed and a discussion of lessons for future work in this area.